HomeAbout

SIGN IN   Advanced Search










 
Browse Illustration
HIV Infection of T Cells: Actin-in and Actin-out

Three studies shed light on the decade-old observation that the actin cytoskeleton is hijacked to facilitate entry of HIV into its target cells. Polymerization of actin is required to assemble high concentrations of CD4 and CXCR4 at the plasma membrane, which promote viral binding and entry in both the simple model of infection by free virus and the more physiologically relevant route of infection through the virological synapse. Three types of actin-interacting proteins—filamin, ezrin/radixin/moesin (ERM), and cofilin—are now shown to play critical roles in this process. Filamin binds to both CD4 and CXCR4 in a manner promoted by signaling of the HIV gp120 glycoprotein. ERM proteins attach actin filaments to the membrane and may promote polymerization of actin. Early in the process of viral entry, cofilin is inactivated, which is proposed to facilitate the early assembly of actin filaments, but cofilin is reported to be activated soon thereafter to facilitate postentry events. This complex role of cofilin may help to reconcile the paradox that actin polymerization promotes initial binding and fusion steps but inhibits some subsequent early postentry events.

Rate this Resource:
1 = not useful, 5 = very useful

Please be the first to rate this resource.


Subscribe and
View Resource

Classifications


Resource Type: Review, Bibliography, Diagram, Illustration, Journal article/Issue
Audience Level: Undergraduate upper division 15-16, Graduate, Professional (degree program)

Author and Copyright


Authors and Editors: Yin Liu of National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Natalya V. Belkina of National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Stephen Shaw of National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health
Publisher: American Association for the Advancement of Science
Format: application/pdf, image/gif, image/jpeg, text/html
Copyright and other restrictions: Yes
Cost: Yes

Comments


» Sign In or register to post comments.


Collection:
STKE/Science Signaling


     
   

SITE MAP | CONTACT | POLICIES

Triple A S National Science Foundation Naitonal Science Digital Library Pathway
Funded by the individual BEN Collaborators and grants from the
National Science Foundation [DUE 0085840 / DUE 0226185 / DUE 0532797 / DUE 0734995]

This website is a National Science Digital Library (NSDL) Pathway.
Copyright © 2019. American Association for the Advancement of Science. All Rights Reserved.