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Store-Operated Channels: Diversity and Activation Mechanisms

This perspective addresses two questions: How many store-operated channels (SOCs) are there, and how many mechanisms can account for SOC activation by depleted stores? Accumulating evidence suggests that the SOC family is not limited to the calcium-selective SOC that is responsible for ICRAC (Ca2+-SOC), but includes poorly selective cation SOCs (cat-SOCs) that may satisfy physiological needs in diverse excitable and nonexcitable cells. A growing number of studies in different cell types support the idea that all the members of SOC family (Ca2+-SOC and cat-SOC) may be activated by depletion of the stores through the same mechanism, which is mediated by calcium influx factor (CIF) and calcium-independent phospholipase A2 (iPLA2). A conformational coupling model is also discussed. To account for the most recent findings, we propose that two distinct classes of calcium-conducting channels may exist in plasma membrane, which respond to different signals: SOCs, which are activated by depletion of calcium stores through the CIF-iPLA2 mechanism [no inositol triphosphate (IP3) needed]; and IP3 receptor–operated channels (IP3ROCs), which are activated by IP3 receptor through a direct coupling mechanism (no store depletion is needed). This model, with two separate mechanisms linked to different channels, may resolve many conflicting findings and interpretations and may give a new perspective on the diversity of calcium influx pathways.

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Classifications


Resource Type: Diagram, Illustration, Journal article/Issue, Review
Audience Level: Undergraduate upper division 15-16, Graduate, Professional (degree program)

Author and Copyright


Authors and Editors: Victoria M. Bolotina of Boston University School of Medicine
Publisher: American Association for the Advancement of Science
Format: application/pdf, image/gif, image/jpeg, text/html
Copyright and other restrictions: Yes
Cost: Yes

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