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Keeping the (Kinase) Party Going: SLP-76 and ITK Dance to the Beat

The Tec-family protein tyrosine kinase IL-2–inducible T cell kinase (ITK) mediates T cell activation, as does the adaptor protein SLP-76 (SH2-domain–containing leukocyte protein of 76 kD), which forms a complex with ITK and other intracellular signaling enzymes. One of these enzymes is phospholipase C–γ1 (PLC-γ1), which mediates T cell receptor (TCR)–stimulated intracellular calcium mobilization leading to the activation of transcription factors such as nuclear factor of activated T cells. The Src-family tyrosine kinase Lck and the Syk-family tyrosine kinase ζ chain–associated protein kinase of 70 kD (ZAP-70), together with ITK, are necessary for the phosphorylation of PLC-γ1 in response to TCR stimulation. ITK is thought to phosphorylate a specific tyrosine residue of PLC-γ1 that is required for its activation. The mechanism of activation of ITK appears to involve the interaction between SLP-76 and ITK, which not only initiates ITK activity but is also important to maintain the kinase activity of ITK. This suggests that SLP-76 acts as more than a neutral adaptor in mediating T cell activation; SLP-76 also directly influences the kinase activity of ITK, allowing ITK to phosphorylate PLC-γ1.

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Classifications


Resource Type: Bibliography, Diagram, Illustration, Journal article/Issue, Review
Audience Level: Undergraduate upper division 15-16, Graduate, Professional (degree program)

Author and Copyright


Authors and Editors: Qian Qi of The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Avery August of The Pennsylvania State University, University Park
Publisher: American Association for the Advancement of Science
Format: application/pdf, image/gif, image/jpeg, text/html
Copyright and other restrictions: Yes
Cost: Yes

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