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Uncaging Akt

Many signal transduction pathways comprise protein kinase cascades in which the activity of each component is controlled by phosphorylation and dephosphorylation. A new layer of kinase regulation involving nucleotide binding has now been unraveled. Phosphorylation of Akt at two regulatory sites plays a major role in kinase activation. New findings show that adenosine triphosphate (ATP) binding to Akt induces an intramolecular interaction between these phosphorylation sites and other domains in the protein, creating a cage around the phosphate group and restricting the access of phosphatases to these sites. ATP hydrolysis and substrate phosphorylation open the cage, which permits dephosphorylation and inactivation of the kinase. This switchlike mechanism provides important new insights into the biology of protein kinases.

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Classifications


Resource Type: Bibliography, Diagram, Illustration, Journal article/Issue, Review
Audience Level: Undergraduate upper division 15-16, Graduate, Professional (degree program)

Author and Copyright


Authors and Editors: Sean J. Humphrey of Diabetes and Obesity Program, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, David E. James of Diabetes and Obesity Program, Garvan Institute of Medical Research
Publisher: American Association for the Advancement of Science
Format: application/pdf, image/gif, image/jpeg, text/html
Copyright and other restrictions: Yes
Cost: Yes

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Collection:
STKE/Science Signaling


     
   

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