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Location, Location, Location: Membrane Targeting Directed by PX Domains

Phosphoinositide (PI)–binding domains play critical roles in the intracellular localization of a variety of cell-signaling proteins. The importance of membrane targeting by PIs is exemplified by a number of human diseases linked to defects in PI signaling (3–5), including cancer, immunodeficiency disorders (X-linked agammaglobulinemina and chronic granulomatous disease), myotubular myopathy, kidney and neurological diseases (oculocerebro-renal syndrome of Lowe), and faciogenital dysplasia (Aarskog-Scott syndrome). As with other lipid-binding motifs, PX domains play important roles in ensuring that proteins reach their appropriate intracellular location through the binding of membrane-restricted PIs.

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Resource Type: Journal article/Issue
Audience Level: Undergraduate lower division 13-14, Undergraduate upper division 15-16, Graduate, Professional (degree program), Continuing education

Author and Copyright

Authors and Editors: Trey Sato of Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine and Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California at San Diego School of Medicine, Michael Overduin of Department of Pharmacology, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Scott Emr of Department of Pharmacology, University of California at San Diego School of Medicine
Publisher: AAAS
Format: text/html
Copyright and other restrictions: Yes
Cost: No


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